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« Fausto Coppi: Il Campionissimo | Main | Junk »
Monday
Jan212008

Gino Bartali: A cyclist who saved a nation

Gino Bartali born in Florence, Italy, in 1914 had a cycling career that spanned both sides of WWII.

He was 24 years old when he won the Tour de France in 1938; then the war robbed him of his peak athletic years, from his mid twenties to his early thirties.

He came back ten years later in 1948 to win the Tour a second time. He also won the Giro d’Italia three times, in 1936, 1937, and again after the war in 1946.

Bartali was a great climber and won the Giro Mountains Jersey a record seven times. He was also the first to win both the Mountains Jersey and take overall victory in the Tour de France in 1938, then repeated the feat in his 1948 win.

Gino Bartali is probably best known for his epic rivalry with Fausto Coppi, another great Italian cyclist. (Picture below left, Coppi nearest camera.) Bartali from Florence in the Tuscany region, was a devout Catholic and deeply religious; this earned him the nickname of “Gino the Pious.” Coppi, on the other hand, was from the industrial north, was not religious at all.

The rivalry between these two in some ways divided a nation, but both riders gave Italy much to celebrate, and this was a country that needed cause for jubilation at that time. During the late 1940s and early 1950s, Italy was still recovering their defeat in WWII, and the rest of Europe was still slow to forgive.

It has been said that Gino Bartali’s 1948 Tour de France win helped subdue political unrest in Italy, even possible civil war.

Bartali took the yellow jersey in the first stage with a win in the finishing sprint.

In the following stages the lead was taken by Lousion Bobet, a rising young French star riding his second Tour.

Bobet emerged from the Pyrenees with a nine minute overall lead, and Bartali was some twenty minutes down.

Meanwhile back in Italy, Palmiro Togliatti, Secretary of the Italian Communist Party had been seriously wounded in an assassination attempt, which resulted in large scale civil unrest, protests, and rioting in the streets throughout Italy.

Bartali received a phone call from a friend, Alcide de Gaspari, a Deputy in the Italian Christian Democratic Party. He told Gino of the unrest back home and told him he needed him to win a stage. Such a win would distract the population from the political turmoil.

Bartali told him, “I’ll do better than that; I will win the whole race.” The next day was Cannes to Briançon, and included three major climbs, the Allos, Vars and Izoard. It took Bartali just ten hours, nine minutes and twenty eight seconds to cover the 274 kilometers, (170 miles.) crossing the three mountain passes with a total climbing amount of over 5300 meters. (17,388 feet.)

It was more than six minutes when the second rider came in. When Bobet finished, in twelfth place, over eighteen minutes had passed, and Bartali was now second overall, just 1min. 6sec. behind his young French rival.

This was only the beginning of Bartali’s softening up process; he dominated the race the following day. Major climbs, over the Col du Galibier and the Col de la Croix de Fer before a final attack on the Col de Porte saw him finish in Aix-les-Bains once again six minutes ahead of his nearest rival. Bobet's tenure on the Yellow Jersey was over; Bartali now led by over eight minutes.

Stage 15 to Lausanne, and Bartali was again a solo victor; he was totally dominating the race. Gino Bartali had gone from twenty minutes behind in Cannes, to an overwhelming lead of 32 minutes. He lost time in later time-trail stages but still came away the clear winner by 26 minutes at the end of the Tour.

Winning a total of seven stages, Bartali won with one of the most dominant displays ever seen in the Tour de France.

The population of Italy watched enthralled and by time Bartali arrived victorious in Paris, the political heat in that country had noticeably cooled.

De Gaspari's instincts had been right, Bartali had won the Tour, and in doing so, provided a distraction from his country’s political unrest. Never can a race have mattered so much.


It wasn’t until after his death that his family discovered he had been a member of the Italian Resistance movement during WWII, and was instrumental in helping Italian Jews escape to safety from German occupied Italy.

He used his fame as a racing cyclist to act as a courier; the authorities knew who he was and let him come and go as he pleased.

On his training rides, he would smuggle forged documents, hidden on his bike, to and from various convents where the Jewish fugitives were hidden.

In later years, Gino Bartali only mentioned these episodes to his sons in passing. It wasn’t until after his death when researching his diaries for a biography was the full extent of his war-time resistance involvement revealed. A movie was later made about these exploits, but as far as I know, it has not been shown outside of Italy.

The latter years of Gino Bartali’s career were somewhat overshadowed by a younger Fausto Coppi. (Whom I will write about later.) However, I have touched on the earlier part of his career before Coppi came into his own, in the hopes of showing he was a great rider in his own right.

He was another of my cycling heroes from my youth; turned out to be a real life hero and a great deal more than just another cycling legend.



Additional picture source: Tiscali.it, and La Repubblica

Reader Comments (16)

I have read a book about the history of the Tour de France, but it is dry and has none of these interesting facts. Perhaps you should think about doing one!
January 21, 2008 | Unregistered Commenter Anonymous
Thanks for this terrific article Dave.
January 21, 2008 | Unregistered Commenter mander
I second the critical element in anon's suggestions.

Stories like these seem bigger than life but describes the importance of man's greatest invention in promoting goodwill and peace.

We all have dreams to build better communities.

Thanks Dave.
Jack
January 21, 2008 | Unregistered Commenter Anonymous
I agree with anonymous. Maybe you should write the history book. It is very enjoyable to read.
January 21, 2008 | Unregistered Commenter gatlinburgspokejunkie
Great post Dave! I love hearing about the history of cycling (and the TDF). I have also read a few books on that subject and echo anon's comment! It's just fascinating to imagine how HARD the race must have been back 'in the day'! Carrying all their own gear (tools, tires/etc) and not allowed to accept ANY HELP AT ALL repairing your bike. How much did one of these bikes (and gear) weigh? I know they used to carry lights, as the stages were MUCH longer and they'd routinely finish after dark. These were truly the iron-men of cycling! Keep up the good stuff!
January 21, 2008 | Unregistered Commenter Matt
great telling of the story dave, thanks.
an article in this month's Cycling Plus (uk mag)touched on this story in a brief history of great climbers in the 'retro' pages.

looking forward to the coppi story
simon
January 21, 2008 | Unregistered Commenter Anonymous
My favourite type of Davesbikeblog post!
January 21, 2008 | Unregistered Commenter lemmiwinks
This is why I come here.

Many Thanks,
Chris
January 21, 2008 | Unregistered Commenter Chris H
Cycling sure has changed, hasn't it? I believe in one of the pictures, you can see a wristwatch on Bartali. Now, one must ride the lightest bike possible, but then, as stated previously, you had to carry everything you needed for repairs on your back.

Amazing!!
January 21, 2008 | Unregistered Commenter maltese falcon
I love these posts. When it was still about guts and heroic racing. More about the rider than the machine. Keep 'em coming
January 22, 2008 | Unregistered Commenter Hilton Meyer
Dave,

Interestingly, these were the subjects of my topic when I gave a presentation to my Italian class on Il Giro d'Italia : Corsa a tappe – Ciclare Professionale.

Most of the Italian kids and the professor himself was blank as I talked about the Coppi-Bartali rivalry. I think they're better off asking their grandfathers about the charismatic figures.
January 22, 2008 | Unregistered Commenter Ron
Thanks!

I learn a lot reading your blog.
January 22, 2008 | Unregistered Commenter leroy
Paolo Conte made a song to commemorate Gino Bartali (a cover of that here), and Erik van Empel made a really beautiful documentary reconstructing what exactly happened that tour, in particular that 14th etappe from Briançon to Aix-les-Bains in which Gino came through (Well, I really thought it was the 14th, but I just noticed that it indeed was the 13th etappe in which Gino arrived first on the Izoard with its beautiful lunar landscapes). You might want to read about that documentary aptly named Tour Des Legendes here (un)fortunately the downloads are down. I've already seen quite some cycling documentaries, and I rate this one as the most beautiful (yep, I'm including Sunday In Hell). Plus: it features Briek Schotte, the last Flandrien.
January 23, 2008 | Unregistered Commenter ikiro
what a great contribution, mr. moulton. i love that, although you are no longer building your great frames, you still have so much to give to the world of cycling.

the thing that strikes me most when reading about cyclists from that era is how incredibly difficult these races were--the length, the primitive conditions of the "roads" [often no more than very steep gravel paths], and the state of the art of bikes--and how very tough these riders had to be to survive day after day. and yet today, you can't read some cat 4's blog without them yakking about "this epic ride" and "that epic century"--folks just don't appreciate what actually constitutes harsh and memorable rides.

thank you so much for this great story; i look forward to many more.
January 30, 2008 | Unregistered Commenter the mostly reverend
Thanks Dave. The closest I was able to get to info on the film was (translated to English):
http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fit.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FGino_Bartali_-_L%27intramontabile&langpair=it%7Cen&hl=EN&ie=UTF-8
Does anyone have any leads on tracking down a subtitled VHS or DVD of the film?
January 31, 2008 | Unregistered Commenter Scott Gordo

Hi,

Our company has issued the 200 minute TV film made by RAI Trade with English sub-titles.

It's passionate, over-the-top melodrama, but the mythology is fantastic - and the WW2 era race re-creations are surprisingly effective.

www.aztecinternational.com.au

cheers

September 14, 2008 | Unregistered Commentersimon killen
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